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News for Norther Colorado and the world

Saturday, December 20, 2014

Earthsky Tonight—July 16, Summer Triangle: Deneb and Cygnus the Swan

Courtesy of EarthSky
A Clear Voice for Science
www.EarthSky.org

phase July 16 Earthsky Tonight—July 16, Summer Triangle: Deneb and Cygnus the Swan10jul16 430 Earthsky Tonight—July 16, Summer Triangle: Deneb and Cygnus the SwanThis evening, the fat waxing crescent moon shines by the planets Saturn and Mars in your southwest or western sky. For a sky chart of the evening planets, we refer you to yesterday’s program. Be sure to notice how the position of tonight’s moon relative to Saturn and Mars has changed since yesterday.

Tonight’s chart faces a different section of sky than where the moon and planets reside. We are looking eastward at the famous Summer Triangle. On July 12, we pointed out the blue-white star Vega and its constellation Lyra. Today, it’s Deneb’s turn. Deneb is the northernmost star in the Summer Triangle. Its constellation is Cygnus the Swan. In a dark country sky, you can see that Cygnus is flying along the starlit trail of the summer Milky Way.

One way to recognize the Summer Triangle is notice that there is a cross within the Triangle. The constellation Cygnus is that cross. In fact, the constellation Cygnus is sometimes called the Northern Cross.

Okay, I’ve given you a lot of names here: Summer Triangle, Cygnus, Northern Cross.

Just remember, the constellation Cygnus the Swan contains the Northern Cross. The Cross is – more or less – just another way to see the Swan. The Northern Cross is what’s called an asterism, or recognizable pattern within a constellation. In this case, the pattern is the whole constellation, pretty much. At least, I never see them any differently.

Except for one thing. Deneb is at the top of the Cross, but at the tail of the Swan (the star name “deneb” always means “tail”). The little star Albireo is at the head of the Swan, but at the base of the Cross. Whew!

Our Summer Triangle series includes:

Part 1: Vega and its constellation Lyra

Part 2: Deneb and its constellation Cygnus:

Part 3: Altair and its constellation Aquila

Written by Deborah Byrd


Astronomy Picture of the Day from NASA/JPL

CHANDRA Photo Album

U.S. Naval Observator Astronomical Information center

StarDate Online

Sky and Telescope

National Geographic

Space Com

Amazing Space

The York County Astronomical Society

Scope City

James S McDonnell Planetarium

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